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Each year, an estimated 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries (TBI) occur as an isolated injury or with other injuries, according to the CDC.

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that affects the way that your brain functions. The effects are typically short-term and can include problems with concentration, judgment, balance, coordination, headache and memory.

Concussions are commonly caused by a blow to the head, but they can also happen when the head and upper body are shaken violently. These types of injuries can cause a loss of concentration, but most concussions don’t.

How to Avoid TBI Injuries

Most importantly, when in a vehicle, always use a seat belt on yourself and your child and other occupants.

Never drive while under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs.

Wear a helmet when: riding a bike, motorcycle and scooter etc. Also while skating, playing sports, skiing or riding a horse.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Headache gets worse and persists

Weakness, numbness or decreased coordination

Vomiting and nausea

Slurred speech

Other Signs to Look for

If the person can’t be awakened

If one pupil is larger than the other

Can’t recognize people and/or places

Unusual behavior

If you are unsure if you have a concussion you should see a medical doctor. Same goes for parents, if your child hits his head and you are unsure if he is okay it is best to seek medical attention, sooner rather than later.

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